Emotions are lower level responses occurring in the subcortical regions of the brain,the amygdala and the entromedial prefrontal cortices, creating biochemical reactions in your body altering your physical state. They originally helped our species survive by producing quick reactions to threat, reward, and everything in between in their environments.
Emotional reactions are coded in our genes and while they do vary slightly individually and depending on circumstances, are generally universally similar across all humans and even other species. For example, you smile and your dog wags its tail.
The amygdala play a role in emotional arousal and regulate the release of neurotransmitters essential for memory consolidation which is why emotional memories can be so much stronger and longer-lasting. Emotions proceed feelings, are physical, and instinctual. Because they are physical, they can be objectively measured by blood flow, brain activity, facial micro-expressions, and body language.
Feelings originate in the neocortical regions of the brain, are mental associations and reactions to emotions, and are subjective being influenced by personal experience, beliefs, and memories. A feeling is the mental portrayal of what is going on in your body when you have an emotion and is the byproduct of your brain perceiving and assigning meaning to the emotion. Feelings are the next thing that happens after having an emotion, involve cognitive input, usually subconscious, and cannot be measured precisely.
Antonio D’Amasio, professor of neuroscience at The University of California and author of several
books on the subject, explains it as:
Feelings are mental experiences of body states, which arise as the brain interprets emotions,
themselves physical states arising from the body’s responses to external stimuli.
(The order of such events is: I am threatened, experience fear, and feel horror.)
Feelings are sparked by emotions and colored by the thoughts, memories, and images that have become subconsciously linked with that particular emotion for you. But it works the other way around too. For example, just thinking about something threatening can trigger an emotional fear response. While individual emotions are temporary, the feelings they evoke may persist and grow over a lifetime. Because emotions cause subconscious feelings which in turn initiate emotions and so on, your life can become a never-ending cycle of painful and confusing emotions which produce negative feelings which cause more negative emotions without you ever really knowing why.
While basic emotions are instinctual and common to us all, the meanings they take on and the feelings they prompt are individual based on our programming past and present. Feelings are shaped by a person’s temperament and experiences and vary greatly from person to person and situation to situation.
Your emotions and feelings play a powerful role in how you experience and interact with the world because they are the driving force behind many behaviours, helpful and unhelpful. It’s possible to react to emotions and the feelings they evoke which are guided by unconscious fear-based perceptions which you may not buy into anymore, yet you’re living your life, making decision and behaving according to these out-dated tendencies. Living unaware like
this almost always leads to problems and unhappiness in the long run.
In order to understand some emotions and their feeling attached to its are well explain in
Robert Plutchik’s theory
Plutchik’s Wheel of Emotions
Robert Plutchik’s theory says that the eight basic emotions are
Fear → feeling afraid
Anger → feeling angry. A stronger word for anger is rage.
Sadness → feeling sad. Other words are sorrow, grief (a stronger feeling, for example when someone has died) or depression (feeling sad for a long time). Some people think depression is a different emotion.
Joy → feeling happy. Other words are happiness, gladness.
Disgust → feeling something is wrong or nasty
Surprise → being unprepared for something.
Trust → a positive emotion; admiration is stronger; acceptance is weaker
Anticipation → in the sense of looking forward positively to something which is going to happen. Expectation is more neutral.
In daily life you encounter with lost of feelings that made you behave in a certain way. In this society we are struggling today to get rid of troubles of life. So its really important to understand the nature of feelings.
One should observe without thinking and therefore discipline is must. Thought usually creating image out of our observation. To observer is to learn the movement of thought and this learning is the actual discipline.
When there is observation are you able to observe without any motive(desire), in which past is not interfering with observation. Observe the effect of movement. Purpose of learning is to accumulation knowledge and once you have accumulated the knowledge then act skillfully, then act and learn again its like a loop that is called action accumulated knowledge.
Action is always based upon past, or past acting according to the future therefore action based on time that’s why action always incomplete so we become restless, frustrated. An observation in which past and future does not exists, or what is actually going on can one observe the longing, seeking, urge, energy or what we are seeking that demanding
without movement of past. In religious books they say there is something deeper then going after and those person cought by priests, gurus then you think you found something which may perhaps be illusion as most people live in. All my hunger did not think about society, society which consist peace, no violence. Our purpose and intention of enquiry of all this is to build good society. Enquiry why human beings are different otherwise all are thinking is self centred self centred vision brings violence.
To be continue..
Krisnamurti talks on awakening intelligence.